STRATEGIC GOAL 4
Sustainability and the green transformation do not concern the natural environment of Tallinn alone, but are a central principle of the entire society and economy. The way of life of the people living in Tallinn is environmentally friendly because they feel responsible for the future: every generation must create and maintain a good living environment for their children. Tallinn will adapt to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions to climate neutrality by the middle of the century. There is clean air and water in the city and the biodiversity of urban nature is protected. The citizens care about the environment, live in a resource-efficient manner and consume according to the principle of circular economy. The knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of the citizens turn Tallinn into a pioneering city with a good living environment.
In each of its decisions, Tallinn follows the objective of climate neutrality, reducing carbon emissions by 40% by 2030 (compared with 2007), and will be a climate-neutral capital by 2050. The City of Tallinn is planned in consideration of carbon neutrality. Mobility functions on non-fossil fuels. Buildings are resource-efficient and climate-neutral energy is used in them. Clean energy is used in production. Tallinn adapts to climate change and extreme weather conditions using nature-based solutions and making buildings and infrastructure more climate-resistant. Climate neutrality is regarded as a cross-sectoral topic, which is specified in the development document on sustainable energy economy and climate.
Fertile ground for green innovation
Green transformation means a change in the mindset and values of the society as a whole. Tallinn has a good environment in which companies, non-governmental organisations, government organisations and residents can launch green innovations. Green innovations may be technological and process-related, organisational and social – it is possible to reduce environmental impact and improve wellbeing with a variety of initiatives. The people of Tallinn act responsibly towards the future and find solutions to the challenges of green transformation together by cooperating with the leaders of this sector and research institutions throughout the world.
Biodiverse and blossoming urban nature
Tallinn stands out among European capitals with its clean air and species richness thanks to its biodiverse nature and extensive green network. The cohesive green network – parks, forests and private gardens – increases the biodiversity and offers the city people an exciting natural environment, leisure opportunities and protection against extreme weather conditions. Plants are allowed to blossom. The urban space is designed using green material that is more suitable for biodiversity, especially for pollinators. Overburdening natural biotic communities is avoided in order to give them the chance to recover themselves. Stormwater is treated using innovative and natural solutions so that it can be used for the needs of citizens as well as for increasing the viability of urban nature. Seawater and all springs, rivers and lakes of Tallinn are in an ecologically good condition. We improve the health of citizens and food safety by increasing natural biodiversity.
Natural surfaces will make up at least 65% of Tallinn’s area
Tallinn has transferred to circular economy. Less waste is generated in the city as a result of more informed production and consumption: the majority of municipal waste is recycled. Among others, less food is thrown away and the city's food circulation system is well thought out. Resource-efficient industrial enterprises use materials sustainably and take responsibility for re-processing their products. The life cycle of each product and service and their recovery have been thought through in consideration of environmental impact. Environmentally friendly materials, which can be recycled well, are produced and consumed in Tallinn. Waste is collected in an environmentally and consumer friendly manner. Collection of waste by type is organised in the places where waste is generated (including in the public space). As a maritime city, Tallinn gives a lot of attention to reducing marine debris.
The share of materials in circulation will increase